Robusta coffee planting from seeding to harvest

kopi-robusta

That afternoon, July 22, 2015, while on a motorcycle to the area Sidomba-Brass, Brass I surround suburbs, the city known as the ‘city of the horse’. I passed through the village of Cibeurem, District Linggarjati, Kuningan regency with an altitude of 200-300 meters above sea level. Of course, coffee trees can grow at that altitude area although not too ideal.
Actually, not the first time I run through this area, all the time I want to know the origins and varieties of coffee available in Brass but there is no chance.

Only, this time, I had the opportunity to take pictures and see clearly this brass coffee. Frankly, I could not stand the smell of fragrant coffee and clove. Well, although it has not received information according to the varieties of coffee farmers in this area, I believe the type of coffee in Jambi and Brass has many similarities.

In addition, to flowers fragrant coffee, which drew my attention to the existence of coffee plantations in areas adjacent to Majalengka-Cirebon and Brebes is interrupted coffee plantations planted clove trees-she interrupted. I imagine the pleasure of coffee blends with an aroma of cloves. Which favors then can you deny?

Kuningan Robusta Tree

Kuningan Robusta Tree

Guided by curiosity, I went into the alley residential, almost every home has clothesline coffee and cloves. I arrived at one of the houses that seemed new look harvesting coffee, visible from a pile of coffee cherries are still fresh, mix and match colors deep red, pink, and green. Also, two men and one woman who was deep in conversation.

I started a conversation by introducing himself as a lover and connoisseur of coffee, born in Subang, live in Cirebon, and move in Jambi. Lots of identities. Uh, apparently one of their family members there who transmigrated to Jambi since the 1960s, but they did not know for sure in Jambi hemisphere where his brother lived.

Coffee trees were planted in an area that is famous as the birthplace of the Linggajati was derived from Lampung. But the coffee plantation owners do not know the type of coffee they planted, they brought coffee seedlings from Lampung, Lampung coffee so they call it. But when seen from the shape of the leaves, it is clear coffee robusta coffee.

kuningan robusta bean

Kuningan robusta bean

Compared to Jambi, wet coffee fruit prices here are more expensive, which is Rp 20,000 per kilogram. These prices do not vary much with the price of coffee in their coffee region of origin. In Lampung coffee prices ranging from Rp 7000-15000 per kilogram. On average, every citizen has a garden area of approximately 100 bricks (per brick measuring 14 square meters). In addition to the residents, too much coffee plantation owned by residents outside the area. Enough with USD 70 million can get 100 brick garden including coffee trees ready for harvest.

When compared with commodity prices cloves per kilogram in the price range of Rp 100 thousand, commodity prices of coffee from this region is still lagging behind. Perhaps that’s why farmers prefer cloves commodities as a source of a result.

After seeing the condition of the coffee plantation with more care, the visible process of coffee cultivation not optimal. Many coffee trees have not routinely trimmed the trunk, so that the towering trees, this could result in a small-sized coffee cherries, also the difficulties in the process of harvesting the fruit because the tree is too high.

Coffee is an international class plant in trade, and can not be denied the price of coffee depends on the fluctuations of a State. Most coffee types circulating in Indonesia is robusta and arabica coffee. In this article will discuss the cultivation of robusta coffee is pretty much circulation in the State Indonesia.
Robusta coffee planting from seeding to harvest.

Seeding Robusta Coffee

Seeding Robusta Coffee

PREPARATION OF LAND

For mountainous land / tilt for the terrace.
Reduce / add fast-growing shade trees is approximately 1: 4 to 1: 8 of the number of coffee plants.
Prepare mature manure as much as 25-50 kg, spread Natural GLIO, let stand one week and make planting hole of 60 x 60 or 75 x 75 cm with a spacing of 2.5 × 2.5 to 2.75 x 2.75 m minimum 2 months before planting

Seeding
a. Prepare the coffee bean coffee seed to be used as seed
b. In order to get the super seed could use drugs – drugs such as stimulant plant root growth, strengthen the durability of seeds, leaves tuna accelerate growth, more details can be directly asked to store the farm, because it’s kind assortment with different quality
c. Prepare polybag who had been given land and manure used previously in the sun. With the purpose to bear on the soil more friable.
d. Each one polybag filled one fruit seeds.
e. Wait until the seeds have 4-5 leaves, accompanied by periodic and routine maintenance.

Cultivation
a. Prior grown on land that had been prepared, choose fertile seeds with traits large leaves, fresh and large trees. With a height of about 20 CM
b. Prepare the planting spot drilled to a depth of about 20-30 CM with a diameter of 15 CM.
c. Each seed spacing of about 2-2.5 M.
3. Maintenance and harvest
a. When the seedlings are living, give or UREA fertilizer NPK good for tree growth
b. Every 1 month clean the weeds that were around the tree
c. When trees have a full-length, trim trees that bear fruit quickly intervening and tree development will be sideways instead of upwards so Easier to harvest the fruit.
d. Robusta coffee harvests period of about 5 years.

Harvesting
a. Harvesting can be done when most of the fruit are red, then the fruit is ripe and ready for harvest
b. How to harvesting by starting from the top of the stem.

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